Absorption Rate –The time it takes alcohol to enter the bloodstream.
AERF –Alcohol Education and Rehabilitation Fund a state fund dedicated to educating the public on the dangers of alcoholism. If you get convicted of a DUI in New Jersey, you will need to pay money to the AERF as part of your sentence.
BAC –Blood Alcohol Concentration. BAC, sometimes called Blood Alcohol Level, is measured in percentages and judged the amount of alcohol in a person’s system. In New Jersey, your BAC must be under 0.08% to drive, or 0.01% if you are a minor.
Blood Test –A test to measure a person’s BAC using their blood. This method can also detect if a person has been using drugs.
Breath Test –A test measuring a person’s BAC using a machine to evaluate alcohol fumes on the breath. These tests are somewhat inaccurate and can be thrown off by regurgitation or food consumption. These tests cannot be used to evaluate the use of narcotics. A skilled New Jersey DUI attorney can use the known inaccuracies of a breath test to your advantage in a trial.
Breathalyzer –The machine used in a breath test to evaluate a person’s BAC, currently the Alcotest 7110
Burnoff –The time it takes for someone to metabolize, or burn off, alcohol in their system.
Commercial Vehicle –Vehicles exclusively for commercial use. Commercially licensed drivers are expected to maintain a higher level of driving safety than the average person and, therefore, face more harsh penalties for DUI convictions.
Dram Shop Liability –The responsibility of a bar, restaurant or other establishment offering alcohol, to not serve people obviously intoxicated or minors. If someone is injured in a DUI accident, they may sue the establishment providing alcohol to the driver.
DUI/DWI –Driving Under the Influence of alcohol or drugs.
DUID –Driving Under the Influence of Drugs.
Felony DUI – DUIs with a minor in the car,or where there are injuries can result in felony criminal charges in New Jersey.
Field Sobriety Test –Tests provided by a police officer to see if a person is driving under the influence. There are three standard FST, including the walk and turn, the one legged stand and the horizontal gaze nystagmus. These tests cannot accurately measure if a person has been using a narcotic.
Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus –A test requiring the subject to follow an object in the air, such as a finger or a pen. Jerky eye movements can cause a failure in this test.
IDRC –Intoxicated Driver Resource Center. A place where people convicted of drunk driving have to attend mandatory drunk driving classes and counseling at their expense, as part of their sentence.
Ignition Interlock Device –A device attached near a car’s steering wheel. When a driver seeks to use their vehicle, they must submit a breath sample to the device. If there is alcohol on the person’s breath, they will not be able to start their car.
Impairment – When a person’s mental or physical abilities are disturbed by a substance not normally in the body. Also called intoxication.
Implied Consent – When you receive your drivers license, or drive on the roads of N.J. you are consenting to providing breath samples to determine if you're intoxicated. This only applies to breath samples. You do not have to agree to urine or blood samples, unless the police have a warrant
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration –The government agency with the most responsibility for researching DUIs. This group studies DUI statistics, provides education about the effects of drunk driving and helps to develop and evaluate new tests that measure intoxication of inebriated drivers.
Open Container Laws –Laws preventing a person from driving with open alcohol containers in their car. In New Jersey, a first time open container offense costs $200.
Per Se Laws –A law stating that even if a person seems totally in control of their actions, they still are driving intoxicated if their BAC is over 0.08% or 0.01% if they are a minor.
Regurgitation –Vomiting, belching or other rejection of stomach contents. Because regurgitation can add extra vapors in a person’s mouth, a breathalyzer test should not be performed within 20 minutes of regurgitating.
Rising Alcohol Defense –The concept that a person could be under the legal limit while driving, but additional alcohol absorption could occur between that time and the time of the test. This defense is not available in New Jersey
Sobriety Checkpoints –A point on a road where police evaluate all drivers for potential intoxication.
Vehicle – Any mode of transportation, not limited to cars, trucks, boats and bikes.
Walk-and-Turn test –A field sobriety test requiring a person to walk heel-to-toe in a line, then turn and return heel-to-toe.
Zero Tolerance –The law regarding a minor’s ability to drink and drive. Any minor with 0.01% BAC or above can be convicted of a DUI.